Community safe water, sanitation and hygiene education project, in Latodore village of Orom Sub-County, Kitgum district in Northern Uganda

ks. David Okullu, twórca SORUDEO

Executive Summary

After meeting terrible hardship of water shortage and sanitation crisis, the community of Latodore Village and Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (see: SORUDEO profil) designed a project to solve this problem. Latodore Village community has just settled in their home area after 23 years of war in Northern Uganda, in which they were in Internally Displaced Peoples’ Camps (IDPs) with a lot incredible difficulties.

Now, they are facing terrible water and sanitation crisis; As a result, many people have already died and those remaining face serious risks of contracting deadly illnesses, such as Schistosoma, Hepatitis A, Salmonnella typhi, typhoid, guinea and ringworm, diarrhea, cholera, trachoma, dengue fever and river blindness. Unfortunately, every year 85% of those who die of Typhoid, cholera and diarrhea linked to contaminated water are innocent vulnerable children and women.

This project aims to address the problem by drilling a hand pump borehole in the community so that safe water will be available and accessible all year round. Each household will have about 15-20 litres a day for safe drinking, food preparation, personal cleanliness and laundry. Beneficiaries will therefore have time for agricultural activities and the open wells and traditional watering holes/ponds will still serve for agricultural irrigation and other household tasks.

SUPPORT FOR SORUDEO
Fundacja RAZEM DLA AFRYKI
ul. Lechicka 23
Łódź 91-230 Polska

KRS 0000507401

for „SORUDEO”

PL 42102034080000420203428380 EUR
PL 84102034080000460203428398 USD

PLN



USD



EUR



Background to the project

Latodore village is one of the remotest villages in Kitgum district surrounded with seven villages with high rate of illiteracy, sordid poverty, and poor sanitation, lack of safe drinking water, diseases and death especially of vulnerable children and women. Recently, there was outbreak of Hepatitis A, Cholera, Malaria, Typhoid and nodding disease.

According to the research carried out by Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO), two months ago, many of the death cases are hygiene and unsafe water related death. For instance, the recent outbreak of Typhoid, Cholera and Hepatitis A in this village was due to poor hygiene and lack of safe drinking water in the areas. About 90% of the sufferers are vulnerable children and women. Every day they are to walk long distances to collect and survive on dirty unsafe water from the open wells and the traditional hand dug ponds in the rivers. Worse of all people spent many hours at these water sources because these rivers dry up in early February every year and so, people ought to dig deeper in the soil to find some little water. Many times, people go very early in the morning to collect water and come back at night with dirty water.

During the time of war, when our people were in IDPs (Internally Displaced Peoples’ Camps); the government and other NGOs drilled boreholes in the Camps but rural Health Centers, Schools and villages like Latodore were left without providing water sources.

Therefore, when Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO), called for the community meeting to address the need of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Latodore village; almost everybody came because of the high need.

During the meeting, the local community with their leaders and Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO) discussed the remedies to the problem and the community unanimously accepted to join hands to solve the problem. Eventually, some volunteers were got to help in enlarging the existing open wells and the traditional water ponds in the river. The problem is that the number of people is bigger than the little water which comes from the ponds. And so, there is high need of at least a borehole to solve this problem.

3Project description

At least one hand bump borehole will be enough for Latodore community. The site of the borehole has already been shown by the community members themselves and it is at a strategic position to serve them fairly. The site land was offered by one of the families free of charge to the community members.

Through the executive director of Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO), the community consulted one of the borehole drilling companies in Uganda called ST. JOSEPH THE WORKER-OKUDA LTD and this company gave the cost of drilling one borehole as attached in the appendix. This company is ready to drill the borehole as long as the funds are available.

Once the borehole is drilled, a “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” will be democratically elected by the local community members themselves in their own meetings. This “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” will take care of the borehole and supervise the water collectors through borehole attendants especially in bumping the borehole responsibly and taking care of the surrounding cleanliness.

The “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” will also take care of the planted trees around the water sources, as trees will be planted around water sources to compensate the cut down trees during the drilling processes and to add on the good look of the environment in the surrounding villages.

During the project implementation, the training and sensitization of communities on hygiene and sanitation activities will be done, integrated with a bit of peace building to create unity and peace in the villages after the long war in Northern Uganda. This will make the conflicting rural or village community members to come together and live in harmony and peace, since they will be drinking from the same sources of safe water.

Project location

The two drilled hand bump boreholes will be located in Latodore village, Orom Sub County in Kitgum district, Northern Uganda. It is about 87 Kilometers deep in the rural village from Kitgum Town Council following Kidepo Valley National Game Park highway and branching in the eastern direction after about 2 kilometers from Loluko Primary school. See appendix for a sketch map of the project site location.

Statement of the problem

There are numerous challenges facing Latodore village and the entire Northern Uganda in general. The greatest of all these, is trauma and abject poverty. Due to the civil unrest that has plagued the Northern Uganda for the last 23yrs, more than 85% of the population was displaced in the camps. People have experienced indescribable atrocities as property and homes were destroyed. To be nearly exact, people especially children were abducted and forced to become child soldiers, many were tortured, mutilated and killed as a result of raids, land mines, road ambushes and an intended brutal cutting of innocent civilians with Pangas.

Currently, the people who were displaced due to war in camps are going back to their original homes within Latodore village, in Kitgum district and in the neighboring areas. However, ¾ of the population are still impoverished, traumatized because many were sexually abused, raped, defiled before their relatives and friends.

They are now in total internal psychological pain. They urgently need psychiatric attention.

Small-scale farming is the main economic activity in this community besides collecting traditional natural fruits like wild nuts; however a handful of inhabitants are engaged in small scale trading, mainly of farm produce.

In fact, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Crisis is still real in Latodore and the neighbouring villages. Women and children bear the burden of water collection, spending hours every day just walking miles along rough bushy areas to the nearest unprotected unsafe water sources, which are also shared with animals. Much time spent walking to these crowded contaminated water sources and resulting diseases from the dirty water keep them from school, work and taking care of their families. More unfortunately, vulnerable women like the elderly, the sick and people living with disabilities among the communities cannot access these difficult water sources. Along their long walk, these vulnerable women and children are subjected to greater risk of harassment and sexual assault by notorious men. In addition, carrying heavy water Jerricans of 20liters and big water saucepans on their heads for long distances takes a toll on their backbones and many cases of women experiencing back pain early in their life.

As seen in the attached photos taken from Latodore village, there are many rural communities in Orom Sub County that totally rely on contaminated water sources such as traditional ponds, open wells and natural streams. The physical characteristics of this contaminated water are brownish, muddy, and smelly with queer taste. These have subjected the rural poor people to poor sanitation and hygiene. This causes frequent outbreaks of waterborne diseases such as Typhoid, Hepatitis, Diarrhea, Cholera and Dysentery. According to our recent needs assessment, many people die because they do not have enough money to treat themselves; and unfortunately the majority of the victims are vulnerable women and children, as their bodies are not strong enough to fight diarrhea, Typhoid, dysentery and other common water borne sicknesses here. Also, in this village and the villages around, one of the reasons for poor performance of the rural children in school examinations is dehydration, as they stay the whole school hours thirsty. On their return to their homes, they rely on dirty unsafe water.

This dirty, diseased water as seen in the attached photos leads to a cycle of sicknesses, low education in the rural vulnerable children, poverty and lost of hope in life.

Since time immemorial, in this village, there has never been water infrastructure like water tanks, piping, taps, and pumps; and yet, these can be availed to the local communities if the funds are available. There is no sanitation infrastructure like public or private toilets, pipe sewerage, latrines etc; no facilities that enable hand-washing with soap or alterative practices; and regrettably many people are observed using nearby bush for open defecation.

This unnecessary suffering of these rural community members can be prevented by this project, by providing safe water, sanitation and hygiene education.

This project aims to address the problem by drilling a hand pump borehole in the community so that safe water will be available and accessible all year round. Each household will have about 15-20 litres a day for safe drinking, food preparation, personal cleanliness and laundry. Beneficiaries will have time for agricultural activities and the present traditional watering holes/ponds and open wells will still serve for agricultural irrigation and other household tasks.

Ideally, after completion of this project, with safe water nearby, with good sanitation and hygiene, women in this village are free to pursue new economic opportunities and improve the lives of their families. The vulnerable children here can earn their education and build the future of their communities.

Realistically, as one woman in this village said, “a safe clean water project nearby means more than safe drinking water to women and children in this village; it means more time for them, freedom and incentive to make a positive change in their communities.”

12Beneficiaries

The beneficiaries of this project are the very poor, the neglected rural dwellers, the traumatized after 23 year war, whose well-being need to be improved by supporting them through sustainable access to safe water, adequate knowledge on sanitation and hygiene, couple with peace building.

We are sure that access to safe water, in conjunction with adequate sanitation and hygiene services and information on peace, can improve the overall well-being of these most disadvantaged and vulnerable rural people. 

Direct beneficiaries:

Indirect beneficiaries:

Justification for this project

Water Crisis in Latodore Village:

Water crisis in Latodore Village is not just a matter of shortage, but of access. This is because there is plenty of water underground in the area according to water surveys by water companies but it is very expensive for our rural poor people to extract water from underground. The local people cannot afford drilling hand bump borehole and yet they are just from the 23 yearrs of war and they are returning back to their original homes from Internally Displaced People’s Camps (IDPs) with limited essential resources for their lives.

The land for this project has already been availed by the community and the community willingness to participate in this project justifies this project. This is a community project. Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO) is a registered local NGO with organizational structure and competent personnel to handle this noble project. They will facilitate this project together with community members.

In Latodore village, three out of four people lack access to a clean water source. As a result, many people have already died and those remaining face serious risks of contracting deadly illnesses, such as Schistosoma, Hepatitis A, Salmonnella typhi, typhoid, guinea and ringworm, diarrhea, cholera, trachoma, dengue fever and river blindness. Unfortunately, every year 85% of those who die of cholera and diarrhea linked to contaminated water are innocent vulnerable children and women.

Access to safe drinking water not only affects the health of any society, but it is a fundamental element for economic and social development. In Latodore village, girls, women and children spend a majority of their time walking long distances to acquire water as an important single resource, and so, they are limited in their abilities to attend school and stay in school full time or create small businesses for development. The agriculture industry also suffers from lack of reliable water sources, which increases the community’s risk for hunger and extreme poverty. This is horrible for our people.

Therefore, the drilling of one borehole in Latodore village is designed not only to overcome water scarcity but to improve sanitation and supplement the existing socio-economic activities in the areas.

Goal and objectives of the project

Goal:
To drill two hand bump boreholes in order to address unending water stress and provide safe, accessible clean drinking water, hygiene and good sanitation to the poor rural people.

Objectives:

  1. To get safe drinking water.

  2. To prevent in the community the acquisition of the deadly diseases such as Schistosoma, Hepatitis A, Salmonnella typhi, typhoid, guinea and ringworm, diarrhea, cholera, trachoma, dengue fever and river blindness.

  3. To promote health and prolong the community members life span.

  4. To encourage the community members to come back to their original homes from Internally Displaced People’s Camps (IDPs).

  5. To inculcate community unity and peace by holding community meetings to discuss about water issues and other developmental matters.

  6. To free our children and women from tension of getting water for drinking and domestic use.

  7. To ease our children’s education since they will access clean drinking water in their nearby school.

  8. To encourage the community members to get committed in other economic activities like irrigation of vegetable gardens, trade etc.

Expected outcome after the project

13Activities of the project

  1. Consultation with the stakeholders, community members and their local leaders, having serious free discussions with them on the vitality of the project. This is already done.

  2. Mobilization of the needed project resources like getting of the land sites, sand and graves, bill of quantities for borehole drilling. This is already done.

  3. Hydro geological investigations and reporting by water engineers through a cited drilling company. This will take fourteen working days.

  4. Formation of “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” and choosing borehole pump attendants. This will also take fourteen working days.

  5. Drilling and Installation of boreholes as water source. Here, we put a maximum period of six months.

  6. Training of community members, school children and other water users on water use and sanitation.

  7. Planting of trees.

  8. Encouraging households to have pit latrines, rubbish pits, hand-washing facilities, drying rakes, drying lines for clothes in their homes to keep sanitation and hygiene. This will be ongoing for a period of one year.

  9. Monitoring and evaluation of project activities. This will stretch from the beginning date of the project up to the end of the project.

  10. Writing and submission of project reports to Meeting point. This will be done within seven working days.

Methods of the project

The project takes participatory approach where different stakeholders; community members, institutions, individuals and all the beneficiaries are requested to participate in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. The women will be fully involved in every stage of the project. For a period of one year, there will be regular trainings and topics like hygiene and sanitation, peace building and reconciliation will be tackled.

Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO), the local council leaders, water drilling company, Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” and pump attendants will play greater roles in the implementation of this project. They will play the following specific roles;

  1. Mobilization of the resources.

  2. Identify the area of the project with community members.

  3. Accompanying water engineers during first preliminary survey and drilling processes.

  4. They will have to participate in the planning of action to be taken to address the needs.

  5. Taking care of the water source.

  6. Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of the project activities.

All in all, the management team of Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO) will see to it that the project is carried out successfully for the good of the needy.

Monitoring of the project

The local community of Latodore shall elect democratically from among themselves a “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” and so, they will implement the tasks put forward by the community to protect their “safe drinking water source”.

The water attendants are answerable to the “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC.” The “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC”, shall collaborate with management team of “Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO)”.

In addition, the local community together with their democratically elected “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” and the management team of “Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO)” shall put some rules and monitoring measures agreeable in a common meeting to protect the drilled hand bump borehole. And so, these committees shall from time to time check this water source.

The “Local Water Monitoring Committee-LWMC” together with the executive committee of “Solidarity for Rural Development Organisation (SORUDEO)” will periodically advise the local population on water use and write reports to the funding donor (MIMN) especially on the progress and the effects of the project on the beneficiaries.

Detailed Budget

Please, see attachment, the budget has been attached in the appendix at the end of this project proposal. This comprehensive budget was given by ST. JOSEPH THE WORKER-OKUDA LIMITED, the company who is going to drill the hand bump borehole.

Use of the funds being requested

100% of the funds being requested will be used to construct two boreholes with the capacity to pump and hold 32,000 litres a day; to be pumped as often as necessary to meet the community’s safe water needs. The community will have enough water for their livestock, irrigation of vegetable gardens and other domestic use. The drilled boreholes will in turn provide work for three workers/attendants of the boreholes.

The money which will be contributed from the community members will be used to pay the borehole attendants.

Local contributions

8Project sustainability

Each household will be asked to pay a token of 1000/= (Uganda Shillings, which is about $ 0.35) per year to help meet attendants’ allowances and recurring expenses to maintain the project. Drilling of the borehole will be carried out by ST. JOSEPH THE WORKER-OKUDA LIMITED who has reliable water engineers, who will also guarantee maintenance of the borehole in terms of providing affordable borehole spare parts to the village community.

In case of extraordinary expenses, the community will convene a meeting to discuss the solution.

The borehole attendants will always be asked to be in the water source and to report to water committee any problem with the water source.

Conclusion

Thank you very much in advance for considering our project to save lives in our community and to empower our community members socially and economically indirectly.

Please, make us know if we can provide any additional pieces of information.

SUPPORT FOR SORUDEO

Fundacja RAZEM DLA AFRYKI
ul. Lechicka 23
Łódź 91-230 Polska

KRS 0000507401

for „SORUDEO”

PL 42102034080000420203428380 EUR
PL 84102034080000460203428398 USD

PLN



USD



EUR




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